Each center has a corresponding "Center Member Group" that consists of all members of that center. To query on center membership, you will want to use a group clause targeting those groups.
  1. Data Management > Query > "Create a New Query"
  2. Give the query a name and security category, then click "Save"
  3. Click on the "Add Group Clause" button
  4. For group type choose "Center Member Group"
  5. From here you can choose any number of groups, which all correspond to a center of the same name.